The ancient village was built in the early years of the Southern Song Dynasty. It has a history of nearly 1000 years ago. The ancient village stands eastward like Lingxi Nursery, Yaoshan South Tower, rich water flowing north, surrounded by mountains and rivers, natural beauty, Eight Diagrams Lane, surrounded by ponds, academies, Yicang, archways, pavilions, wharfs, churches, revolutionary old residential sites and so on. The ancient village of Bianpi seems to be a fusion of academy culture, ancestral temple culture, religious culture, red culture and so on. The sculpture art of Ming and Qing Dynasties is an integral whole. It has the unique charm of "the first village of Luling culture" with "the unity of culture and military affairs, the unity of cultivation and reading, the unity of government and business, the unity of red and ancient times, and the integration of villages and towns".
The village has 582 residential buildings, 367 Ming and Qing Dynasties buildings, 600 households, more than 2,800 people, five ancient ancestral halls, several ancestral halls, four ancient academies, one ancient temple, one ancient pavilion, three ancient archways, and more than 900 meters of ancient streets.
Meipi is an outstanding representative of Luling cultural village and a brilliant pearl along the rich river. Since its excavation, she has won worldwide recognition for her profound and rich cultural heritage.
She is a millennium ancient village with red and ancient green culture.
It has a long history of red. From February 6 to February 9, 1930, Mao Zedong, Zhu De and other older generations of proletarian revolutionaries in this hot land convened our party's famous 27th meeting, at which the 27th Land Law was promulgated, and the land revolution of striking the local tyrants and dividing the land vigorously set off the whole country. The 27 th National Congress, the former site of the Soviet government in Jiangxi Province, the old site of the Red Fourth Army and the unique old residence of Mao Zedong in China have become the site teaching point of Jinggangshan Cadre College and the patriotism education base of Jiangxi Province. These old residences are the ancient buildings of the Qing Dynasty with very high cultural value. For example, Yongmu Hall of Liang's ancestral temple was the old site of the headquarters of the Fourth Red Army, Jieshou Hall was once the Red Army Hospital, Longevity Palace was the former site of the Soviet Government in Southwest Jiangxi Province, the former site of the Soviet Government in Jiangxi Province, Jingde Academy was the former site of the General Trade Union of the Soviet Government, and Sima Di was the former site of Luo Binghui. In the old site, Yicang was once Lenin Primary School, and "Famous Education Place" was Mao Zedong's former residence, while "Light Bullfight" was Mao Zedong's and Hezi's rare residence. In addition, there are old residences of Zhu De, Peng Dehuai, Huang Gonglue, Zengshan, Mao Zetan, the "February 7th" conference site, Liang Xingchu's old residence, Liang Biye's old residence and so on. There are more than 180 Red Army slogans in the ancient village, mostly left by the Red Army in 1930. Liang Xingchu, commander of the 38th Army in 1955, Lieutenant General Liang Biye, political commissar and former director of the Political Department of Lanzhou Military Region, as well as two Major General Liang Biqian, who was appointed doctoral advisor of the Chinese Academy of Military Sciences in 1999, have left the village. This is a red homeland of outstanding people.
It has bright ancient and modern ancient culture. The ancient village of Meipi was built in the early Southern Song Dynasty. There are 367 Ming and Qing Dynasties buildings, 900 meters of ancient commercial street, numerous ancient academies, ancient docks and ancient ancestral halls. Ancient culture is mainly reflected in: ancestral hall culture: ancestral hall is the essence of the village building, divided into general ancestral hall, house ancestral hall, ancestral hall. The temple contains profound Confucianism, with numerous family precepts and exquisite engraving. Its morphological characteristics: 1, spacious and lofty, spectacular. The Yongmu Hall of Liang's General Ancestral Hall is a three-way building with a large shaft in the middle and lower halls. The three-compartment porch has a high-rise arch supporting the corners of the eaves, covered with glass tiles and glittering gold. In the middle hall, there are four corner Pavilion shaped apartments, which extend into the courtyard. 2, lift up beams and shelves, and use coarse materials. Among them, the hall (or the upper hall) stitched beam frame is different for the uniform wearing bucket frame of the dwellings. The middle hall of the ancestral hall (both of them are the upper hall) is mostly beam-lifting frame, which is built with exposed and bright masonry. The roof is supported by five frames. The bright room appears spacious and bright. 3. The craftsmanship is exquisite and the decoration is gorgeous. The corridor is often made of three rooms, with drums, squatting division, hairpins and pillars, all made of red stone, three-dimensional carving, relief, line carving and other techniques, all of which are used to the extreme, beams erected out of the eaves of the arch, sparrow, hump, are exquisite wood carvings, ceiling ceiling algae well, bottom painting, eaves also have colored paintings, the top of the three halls in the middle and bottom of the ceiling. There are also caisson, and the middle hall is not used as a scroll, but there are caisson paintings in the Ming Dynasty. 4, hanging plaque engraved with a higher taste. Above the main entrance of the ancestral hall and in the middle and upper halls, there are stone tablets, plaques and other red stones such as "Liang's ancestral hall", "Xuan's ancestral hall", "Ben's ancestral hall". The plaques are huge wooden plaques, such as "Yongmu Hall", "Qiu Zhi Hall", "Xiao You Hall", "Festival Hall" and so on. Engraved couplets. Most of them are character binding. "Flying eaves warping angle wharf wall, green brick grey tile slope roof" outlines the culture of ancient village architecture, residential culture: most of the existing residential Bingpi Qing Dynasty and early Republican architecture, a small number of modern buildings are also located in the southeast and northwest of the village around the azimuth. Ancient dwellings are relatively centralized, easy to protect and display, Meipi ancient village dwellings for the typical Gan-style architecture, green brick gray wind, solemn and elegant, frugal and practical is its overall style, but also has distinct characteristics, 1, the material is exquisite, solid and durable. 2, the front office, the key decoration 3, economic and practical, breaking through the rules. 4, the layout is relatively simple. Academy Culture: Meipi ancestors attached great importance to cultural education, and established many academies, such as Jingde Academy, Ming Xin Academy, Zhenhan Academy are all Qing Dynasty buildings, from the plane layout and facade structure, the main building of calligraphy and residential buildings are not much different. Mingxin college and Zhen Han school built Zeng Li Bao for the post pillar.